IQI Weekly Seminar

Tuesday April 17, 2018 3:00 PM

"Quantum Supremacy" and the Complexity of Random Circuit Sampling

Speaker: Bill Fefferman, University of California, Berkeley
Location: Annenberg 107

Abstract: A critical milestone on the path to useful quantum computers is quantum supremacy - a demonstration of a quantum computation that is prohibitively hard for classical computers. A leading near-term candidate, put forth by the Google/UCSB team, is sampling from the probability distributions of randomly chosen quantum circuits, which we call Random Circuit Sampling (RCS). In this paper we study both the hardness and verification of RCS. While RCS was defined with experimental realization in mind, we show complexity theoretic evidence of hardness that is on par with the strongest theoretical proposals for supremacy. Specifically, we show that RCS satisfies an average-case hardness condition - computing output probabilities of typical quantum circuits is as hard as computing them in the worst-case, and therefore #P-hard. Our reduction exploits the polynomial structure in the output amplitudes of random quantum circuits, enabled by the Feynman path integral. In addition, it follows from known results that RCS satisfies an anti-concentration property, making it the first supremacy proposal with both average-case hardness and anti-concentration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Series Institute for Quantum Information (IQI) Weekly Seminar Series

Contact: Bonnie Leung at 626.395.4964 bjleung@caltech.edu